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Why You Need a USP
One of the first steps in creating a marketing plan is developing a USP, or Unique Selling Proposition (sometimes called a Unique Selling Point or a positioning statement). A USP is an ultimate statement of benefit, or the single most compelling reason why a customer should buy from you over your competition. In a short, meaningful, specific sentence, a USP describes your primary distinguishing feature to your target market and lets them know what’s in it for them if they do business with you.
According to Rosser Reeves, the author of “Reality in Advertising” who coined the USP, the three requirements for a USP are:
1. Each advertisement must make a proposition to the customer: "buy this product, and you will get this specific benefit."
2. The proposition itself must be unique - something that competitors do not, or will not, offer.
3. The proposition must be strong enough to pull new customers to the product.
Some of most well know USP examples are:
Domino's Pizza - "You get fresh, hot pizza delivered to your door in 30 minutes or less."
FedEx - "Your package absolutely, positively has to get there overnight"
M&M's - "The milk chocolate melts in your mouth, not in your hand"
Wonder Bread - "It helps build strong bones 12 ways"
But what if such a proprietary advantage does not exist? What if your product is basically the same as your competition’s, with no special distinguishing? Check this out: Once M&M established their USP: M&Ms melt in your mouth, not in your hand" - what could the competition do? Run an ad that said, "We also melt in your mouth, not in your hand!"? It reminds me of an example from the book Scientific Advertising by Claude Hopkins that has gone on to become a classic story used to describe USPs. It goes something like this:
“Schlitz Beer had hired Hopkins to increase their falling market share. At the time the beer companies were frantically buying bigger and bigger advertising space to promote the word PURE. Everyone said their beer was pure, but no one bothered to explain to the public what “pure meant” this meant.
The first thing Hopkins did was take a tour of the Schlitz Brewery. He was shown plate-glass rooms filled with filtered air where beer was dripped over pipes to cool without any impurities. He was shown huge expensive filters that were each cleaned twice daily to ensure the products purity. He notices that each bottle was sterilized four separate times before being filled with beer. He was even shown 4,000 foot deep artesian wells dug to provide the cleanest, purest water available, even though the factory was right on the shore of Lake Michigan (which at the time was not polluted and could still provide clean water).
After his tour Hopkins exclaimed, “Why don’t you tell people these things?” The company responded that every beer manufacturer does it the same way. To that Hopkins replied, “But others have never told this story…” And Hopkins went on to create an advertising campaign that explained to people exactly what makes Schlitz beer pure. It was highlighted with the tagline “Schlitz beer bottles – Washed with live steam”. He told the same story any brewer could have, but he gave meaning to purity. That is what took Schlitz from 5th place to tie for 1st place in market share.”
Creating a USP for Your Business
When developing the USP for your business it can be helpful to try thinking in the customer’s point of view: why should they buy from you, not why you should sell to them. Your USP should state what the most important benefit is to the customer in the target market you are trying to reach. Trying to appeal to everyone will not give you an effective USP. Focus on the clients that are your greatest income makers and direct the USP to them. You want to attract the ideal client, not just any client.
Here are some questions that a USP should answer:
- What problem are you the answer to?
- What quality makes you different, better or more desirable than the competition?
- What opportunity can you present to potential customers that others can or do not?
- Why should people buy from you?
When answering some of these questions, it is not enough to say “Our service is better,” or “Our product is better quality.” These statements are not compelling reasons to choose your business over any other business.
Also be sure to focus on a uniqueness that is actually meaningful to your customers. Building your USP around a feature is relatively unimportant to potential customers, and will not move them to try your product or service.
You can start by crafting a statement that defines what makes your product or service unique and special. You might want to start with a long statement of two or three paragraphs, and then work from there. If you are already have an existing business, ask clients what they value most about the way you do business? And also ask yourself: "In what ways do I benefit my customers?"
Continue editing your statement until it is short, snappy, to the point and describes your uniqueness in a way your customers care about. Once you get your USP finalized, start sharing it with your target market, and let them know what you can do for them. Plaster your USP in your marketing materials, at networking events, on your business cards, on your website and any other time you are given the opportunity.
Just remember, a USP is free, easy to duplicate and communicate, and above all, tells your prospects what's in it for them if they do business with you. Be sure to take the time to properly develop a USP that will work for you, your business and your target market.
About The Author:
Justin Michie is a respected Internet Marketer and author of the brand new Internet Marketing book “Street Smart Internet Marketing. You can visit his website at http://www.JustinMichie.com.
|This article was submitted by - Justin Michie||Please Rate/Review this Article - Recommend it to friends|
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