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by Laura Pasternak
You know you need a brand. But do you know that one of the most effective ways
to grow your business is to build on that brand?
In a world of short attention spans and rapidly changing technology, building your
brand is crucial to your survival. The most successful companies understand its
importance. Here’s one brand building success story:
Music to Our Ears
Do you have an iPod? It seems everywhere you look today, someone is plugged into
Apple’s portable digital music player. The company knows its audience and shrewdly
builds its brand around it. As a result, Apple has sold more than 59 million iPods
since their inception in late 2001, with 6,451,000 sold in the fiscal 2005 fourth
In fact, iPod’s branding and subsequent popularity have resulted in 220 percent
growth of the units over the previous year’s same quarter. How did Apple do it?
Finding the Right iName
Apple’s premier product was the Macintosh computer. As the internet grew, Apple
shortened the computer’s name to iMac. The nickname represented the personal
computer’s ability to deliver all the features needed to connect with the Internet.
The name stuck.
Over the years, the company introduced numerous products. However, none have
been as enormously popular as the iPod. Coincidentally, iPod’s target market was
being born during much of the company’s growth in the late 1980’s. Today, this key
audience has been dubbed the iGeneration.
The iGeneration has been a boon for iMac, and subsequently, iPod. The company
has helped define a “culture” around its brand. The seemingly simple ‘i’ not only
grew to establish the brand for the company but also drove the development of a
host of ‘i’ products like iPod, iTunes, iChat, iMovies, iBook and iSight. Today, the
company’s brand reflects the attributes of being high-tech, “cool” and creative –
exactly what its products and messaging have attempted to convey.
Creating a Halo Effect…And a Thousand Songs
Although the iPod is both Mac and Microsoft Windows-compatible, Apple’s branding
created a ‘halo effect’, subliminally reinforcing brand loyalty in its Mac users as well
as converting non-Apple users. Today, iPod continues to dominate the industry, with
more than 90% of sales in the digital music market for hard-drive players and over
70% of the market for all types of music players .
Next, iPod created a tagline, “A Thousand Songs, in Your Pocket”. You know exactly
what the product delivers based on the tagline. Moreover, the tagline is catchy and
more likely to resonate in the mind of the consumer. Along with it, iPod created a
simple, yet powerful image. Silhouetted people against brightly colored solid
backgrounds dance to music via the iPod. The images are strikingly simple, but
effectively and prominently focus on the contrasting white iPod and accompanying
white headphones. See the white hand-held player and headphone cords, think
When set to music, the images evoke emotions in the consumer. The classic rock
songs iPod uses in its advertisements bring back memories of places, people and
times in our lives. We all relate to dancing with abandon to our favorite tunes, and
the desire to let loose and dance resurfaces at the sight of the silhouetted dancer.
iPod knows these ads will influence the consumer’s psyche. We buy for emotional
reasons and then rationalize the purchase with specific benefits like iPod’s small
pocket size, convenience, cool colors, easy navigation, expanded memory, etc.
Building Buzz and Momentum with U2
Apple could have stopped extending its brand after its initial success. However, the
company knows that good branding continues to build on buzz and momentum.
Apple expanded its brand on several levels.
First, they introduced special edition iPods featuring the immensely popular rock
group, U2. The campaign was two-fold. U2 was able to promote its latest CD “How
to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb” along with its first single, “Vertigo”. Apple was able
to generate buzz, and sales, by introducing a special edition U2 iPod in black. Next,
Apple created an ad campaign featuring U2 silhouetted against a bright, solid-
colored backdrop singing “Vertigo”.
The ads were highly effective and precisely targeted at iPod’s demographic. If iPod
is cool enough for U2, then it’s cool enough for me. They generated plenty of buzz
and sales continued to grow. Additionally, the ads tapped into the emotional aspects
of a consumer’s decision-making process to reach the repressed rocker in each of
Expanding on your brand to reflect growth and to keep consumers interested is part
of the ongoing process of evaluating and building your brand. Apple understands
this and has begun to capitalize on the iGeneration’s thirst for ever-changing, more
advanced technology by releasing other iPod versions including the Mini, Shuffle,
and most recently, Nano. The newest iPod will hold 15,000 songs, 25,000 photos
and 150 hours of video. Again, it taps into the consumer’s psyche by continuously
introducing newer, better and cooler versions of predecessors. The company still
utilizes cultural icons to tout the product as well, with the latest ad campaign
featuring the rapper, Eminem.
Apple also brands iPod in conjunction with iTunes, its music web site where iPod
users can purchase and download songs for less than $1 a piece. The iTunes web
site also enables users to download pre-released songs, making its appeal even
stronger among the iGeneration.
Partnering to Build Brand Awareness…and Sales
Today, Apple is partnering with automakers to continue building and extending its
iPod brand. Working with car manufacturers like BMW, Nissan, Volkswagen and
Volvo, Apple and its new auto partners will “create seamless integration between
your car and iPod.” iPod-ready head units, self-install options and professionally
installed interfaces are available for select 2005 and 2006 cars. Apple touts these
after-market car integration solutions as a way to customize “your ride, iPod-style”.
Japan is integrating iPod systems into their 2006 Nissan, Mazda, Daihatsu, BMW,
MINI , smart and Alfa Romeo lines. Such partnerships expand iPod’s geographic
reach and certainly its commercial exposure.
Building Brand One iProduct at a Time
Brand is a work in progress, always evolving. You’ve got to check the market’s pulse
on a regular basis to get a reliable read on your brand’s value and adjust it
accordingly to keep it fresh and in front of the consumer. By continuously leveraging
your brand equity—be it through businesses, musicians, the media, customers,
employees or the public—it will grow strong and powerful, and will surely resonate
with your audience.
So, are you building on your brand? If not, it’s time to look at your brand with fresh
eyes. Considering the who, what, where, when, why and how of your brand and
target audience is an ongoing and essential process. Who are your customers today
(they might not be the same customers you had five years ago) and who can you
partner with to leverage your brand? What has changed with your customers and
what are their needs and wants? Where is the industry going today, five years from
now, ten years? When should you leverage your brand and when should you wait?
Why do your customers buy your brand? How has the world and your business
changed over the years and how should that be reflected in your brand?
As we become a more global market, with shorter attention spans, building brand is
critical to your longevity. Build your brand thoughtfully and its value to your
customers, partners and shareholders will increase. That alone will be music to your
Laura Pasternak is President of MarketPoint, LLC, a brand management firm that helps
businesses improve results by identifying, integrating and managing customer-driven brand
equities and strategies. Visit www.yourmarketpoint.com to learn more, or call 1.866.21POINT
toll-free or 410.418.8490.
Copyright © 2006 MarketPoint, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
|This article was submitted by - Laura Pasternak||Please Rate/Review this Article - Recommend it to friends|
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